Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability among children and young adults. TBI has a much higher incidence rate than other, better-known conditions. Annually, approximately 1.4 million civilian TBIs occur in the United States due to a number of accidents. By comparison, in 2003 there were only about 185,000 new cases of breast cancer, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
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WHAT IS TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY?
Traumatic brain injury, often referred to as TBI, is caused by severe jarring motions to the brain. Because brain tissue is soft, when it crushes against the hard bone of the skull, the soft tissue can easily bruise, tear or swell. Motions such as acceleration and deceleration are capable of injuring the brain which can lead to temporary or even permanent damage to speech and motor functions.
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TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY CAUSES
The major causes of traumatic brain injury for people under the age of 75 are:
- Motor Vehicle Accidents
- Car accidents
- Truck accidents
- Motorcycles accidents
- Bicycles accidents
- Pedestrian accidents
- Sports accidents
TBI SYMPTOMS AND EFFECTS
Traumatic brain injuries can be mild or severe, and may even go undetected for a considerable amount of time, especially in children. However, some of the symptoms and effects created by TBI frequently include:
- Difficult thinking
- Memory problems
- Attention Deficits/Poor Concentration
- Mood swings
- Visual disturbances
- Sleep difficulties
- Loss of balance
- Loss of smell
- Loss of taste
- Hearing loss
- Ringing in the ears
- Heightened sensitivity to light and sounds
- Slowness in thinking
- Slurred speech
- Non-comprehension of language
- Reading problems
- Writing problems
- Appetite changes
- Loss of stamina
- Chronic pain
- A decrease in bladder/bowel control
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WHAT CAN CAUSE BRAIN DAMAGE
In addition to TBI, other types of brain injuries also occur that can be just as damaging. Common causes of these alternative brain injuries can include oxygen deprivation, heart attacks and strokes, open head injuries, toxic exposure, infections, brain tumors, and birth injury.
When oxygen is prevented from flowing to the brain, irreversible brain damage can occur within minutes. Respiratory failure, drops in blood pressure, and lack of oxygen in the airways can cause oxygen deprivation. Drowning, smoke inhalation, and lack of proper ventilation are also circumstances where the brain may not get sufficient oxygen and can suffer as a result. For individuals who survive such situations, brain damage can result in memory disabilities and a general lack of awareness.
Heart Attacks and Strokes
Often, people who have suffered from heart attacks or strokes end up losing mobility in certain or all parts of the body and cause speech to become very difficult. This is because heart attacks and strokes also deprive the brain of oxygen by blocking blood flow to the brain. In a stroke, blood vessels in the brain can also hemorrhage, which directly damages the cells in that particular area.
Open Head Injuries
Bullet wounds, objects that penetrate the skull, or falls that crack the skull can also create severe brain damage.
Harmful chemicals, such as carbon monoxide, gas, lead, solvents, and pesticides can damage neurons and create brain injury.
Bacterial and viral infections can cause encephalitis, which is a severe inflammation of the brain. Meningitis is another type of infection caused by bacteria, viruses, cancer, various diseases, and certain drugs. Meningitis results in inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.
Brain tumors put pressure on areas of the brain, damaging the tissue and often causing major long-term issues.
Any mother knows that giving birth is no small feat, and complications can easily arise. During delivery when umbilical cords are twisted or compressed, babies are breech or positioned sideways, or babies are too large to move easily through the birth canal, there is a risk of brain injury for the baby. Doctors who fail to recognize the need to order a C-section can cause this type of birth injury, resulting in brain damage or cerebral palsy for the child being delivered.
CONSULT OUR EXPERIENCED BRAIN INJURY ATTORNEYS
Any brain injury case requires attorneys who understand the complex issues that arise when fighting for the rights of those impacted by brain injuries. Brain injury cases arise from medical malpractice, where doctors fail to diagnose and treat infections, brain tumors, heart attacks, and strokes in a timely manner. Incidents involving accidents caused by negligent parties, such as premises liability cases, defective products, construction site accidents, or car accidents also frequently cause brain injury, and we fully believe in bringing the people responsible for these traumatic injuries to justice. Our attorneys at Rosenberg & Gluck, LLP, in Holtsville, New York, have extensive experience in all types of brain injury cases. Do not take the unnecessary risk of trusting your case to lawyers who lack the level of skill and experience, along with the necessary resources to handle these complicated cases.
Importance of Seeking Maximum Compensation
Lifetime costs to treat someone with a TBI are estimated from $600,000 to $1.8 million, according to the National Institutes of Health. Without the ability to perform daily tasks on their own, many victims of a traumatic brain injury must rely on the care of a loved one or a caretaker for assistance, which can quickly become expensive. Our personal injury lawyers will seek the maximum compensation entitled by law to ensure you can cover the exorbitant costs incurred. Many brain injury victims require lifelong assistive care, medical treatment, rehabilitation, and other therapies that create extreme financial hardship on families. We pursue complete compensation for injuries, lost wages, pain and suffering, and any other type of damages that may be available.
If you or a family member has suffered a brain injury, schedule a free initial meeting with our TBI lawyers. We have locations throughout Suffolk County, or we will come to you if you are unable to travel. Call our brain injury law firm at (631) 451-7900 today.